JIM MEHRER'S POSTAL HISTORY
REFERENCE LITERATURE:

MACHINE CANCELS

Below is a list of Machine Cancel Reference Literature that we currently have available. With these references, collectors and dealers can identify and evaluate thousands of different postmarks.

Most of these books are regular stock items, but some are available in limited quantities. As an example, the total printing of my Illinois Post Offices book was 418 copies. More than two-thirds of those have been sold since it was published in February, 1996, and I do not plan to reprint it. Such limited-edition titles are often difficult to obtain once the original printing is sold out.

PUBLISHERS: If you have any reference literature that you would like to make available through this page, please email mehrer@postal-history.com , call or write to discuss terms.

DEALERS: If you would like to stock any of the literature that we publish (those showing Jim Mehrer as the author), we give generous wholesale discounts at low quantities.
Email mehrer@postal-history.com, call or write for details.

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Jim Mehrer
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MACHINE CANCEL REFERENCE LITERATURE


American Flags: See "Standard Flag Cancel Encyclopedia."
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American Service Markings: The Service Markings Attributed to the American Postal Machines Company, 1890-1918. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1991): The definitive catalog on the subject, containing all known varieties of the receiving, transit, "mail late," etc., styles of American machine cancels. Illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (73 pages; unbound.) #970498. $34.00.
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Anthology of Machine Cancel Postal Markings: Volumes 1 through 6. (Machine Cancel Society/1992-1994): Contains monographs on a wide variety of machine cancel topics, including: updates on Barry, Groth-Constantine, Barr-Fyke, Perfection, Pneumatic and Hampden cancels, plus American Machine service markings; U.S. Naval machine postal markings; purple postal markings by facer/cancelers 1973-1984; machine postal markings of Florida; Greenfield, Michigan, pseudo-machine cancels; a list of slogan cancels; spray markings; Dayton, Ohio, jet-sprayed holiday labels; Potter & Vail update; 1992 Olympic Games marks; Doremus received marks; Universal "K" cancels; parcel post stamps with flag cancellations; a history of the Ohio Jet Spray; and Aero-Marcophilately. A useful and interesting potpourri of subjects. (Unbound.) #970493. $240.00.
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Barnard: See "George E. Barnard's Invention..."
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Barr-Fyke: The Machines and Early Postal Markings Attributed to the Barr-Fyke Machine Company of Kansas City, Missouri - Volumes 1 through 3. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1990): The definitive work on the subject, containing the history of the company; the experimental machines; the U.S. machines; and the foreign machines. Fully illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (367 pages; unbound.) #970494. $150.00.
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The Barry Story: Volumes 1 through 3. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1988-1989): The complete catalog on the Barry Machine postmarks. Begins with a history of the company, then covers all known oval, circular and rectilinear postmarks, plus slogans and service markings. Fully illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (495 pages; softbound. Volume 1 is in its second printing as has a different binding from the other two volumes.) #970495. $125.00.
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A Century of Cancelling Machine Usage by the US Post Office, 1900-2000. (Reg Morris/2002): In this publication, Morris reviews more than a century of progress and evolution of machine cancels. He summarizes the social, political, and philatelic aspects related to the development of mail-handling machinery over the last 100 years, and challenges the reader to think what the future may portend. A monumental task, but done so expertly as to make this publication a marvel. The detail is at a level that doesn't miss any of the important facets, but still holds the reader's attention from page one to the end. The story told is compelling, and accurately documents the relevant history of the entire century. (119 pages; card stock covers, with 1 staple in corner.) #820803. $30.00.
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Cheshire (White Sewing Machine): See "Geary / Milam & Holmes / White Sewing Machine (Cheshire) Machine Cancels."
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Doremus: See "Standard Encyclopedia of Doremus Machine Cancels."
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Flags: See "Standard Flag Cancel Encyclopedia."
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From Hinrichsen to Krag. The Experimental and Early Machine Postmarks of Germany (1866 until 1906). (Miller): Decribes and illustrates the experimental and early machine postmarks of Germany, with known usage dates and rarity factors.
(1993 edition: 105 pages; softbound.) #820804. $45.00.
(2008 color edition: 150 pages; hardbound.) #820805. $78.00
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Geary / Milam & Holmes / White Sewing Machine (Cheshire) Machine Cancels. (Koontz, et al./1977-82): Compilations of articles on these three scarce manufacturers' machines. Reprints of originals which appeared in the Machine Cancel Forum. (108 pages in three 3-ring folders.) #980906. $30.00.
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George E. Barnard's Invention of a Mail Marking Machine. (Robert J. Payne/1994): Contains information about the company, its experimental period and usages, leading ultimately the sale of its patents to the American Postal Machines Company. Fully illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers and known periods of use. (113 pages; unbound.) #970530. $40.00.
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Groth-Constantine Machines and Postal Markings. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1989): The complete reference on these scarce and desirable machine cancels, with information on the development of the machines; their patents; Post Office trial periods; and use. Illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (71 pages; unbound.) #970496. $35.00.
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Hampden: The Machines & Postal Markings Attributed to the Hampden (Landfear) Cancelling Machine Co., 1896-1906. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1991): The complete work on the subject, with a history of the company and its patents. Fully illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (205 pages; unbound.) #970531. $70.00.
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Imperial Mail Marking Machines in Canada. (Robert J. Payne/2003): Illustrates and describes the Canadian flag cancels and other types attributable to the Imperial Mail Marking Machine Company. Complete listings of earliest and latest known usages for all known types, many which are scarcely seen. (64 pages; unbound.) #750603. $35.00.
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Imperial Mail Marking Machines Used in Boston, USA, 1896-99, and in the United Kingdom, 1898-1907. (Robert J. Payne/2003): Illustrates and describes the flag cancels and other types attributable to the Imperial Mail Marking Machine Company, used in Boston, MA, and the United Kingdom. Complete listings of earliest and latest known usages for all known types, many which are scarcely seen. (70 pages; unbound.) #750604. $35.00.
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Leavitt: See "Thomas Leavitt: His History and Postal Markings, 1875-1892."
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Milam & Holmes: See "Geary / Milam & Holmes / White Sewing Machine (Cheshire) Machine Cancels."
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Perfection Mechanical Handstamp Machine: The Perfection Machines and Mechanical Handstamp Markings of United States and Canada. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1991): The definitive work on the subject, containing the history of the company, its patents and distribution of the machines. Illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (63 pages; unbound.) #970497. $35.00.
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PMCs: A Guide to Collecting Purple Machine Cancels. (Rob Washburn/2000): Completely new revision of the information contained in the original 1994 publication: The Purple Machine Cancel Handbook. Includes newly discovered dial types, slogan types and cities, with new earliest and latest known usages. Contains nearly twice as many listings as the original, with a new section on purple "flats" machine cancels. Illustrated. LIMITED TO A PRINTING OF ONLY 250 COPIES. (81 pages; spiral bound.) #700401. $22.00.
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Pneumatic: The Machines & Postal Markings Attributed to the Pneumatic Cancelling Machine Co., 1898-1904. (Reg Morris & Robert J. Payne/1991): The complete work on the subject, with a history of the company and its patents, and sections covering the experimental period and contract periods of the during which the machines were used. Fully illustrated and annotated, with catalog numbers, known periods of use, rarity factors and corresponding value ratings. (170 pages; unbound.) #970532. $70.00.
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Postal Markings of Michigan: The Machine Cancels. (Dave Ellis/2008): This catalog contains all known Michigan machine cancel types from 1893 to the late 1980's, with earliest and latest known dates of use for each type. This is an important and useful reference for this popular Great Lakes state. (175 pages; 3-hole punched, in 3-ring binder.) #781201. $39.00.
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Potter and Vail: A Machine Cancel Society Specialized Study. (Hilbing/1998): Definitive work , with company's history, and details on all machines. Full census of known examples of these scarce markings. (82 pages; unbound.) #980801. $30.00.
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Same Year Use of Different Flag Cancellation Dies. (Billings/1991): Hundreds of illustrations & descriptions of similar appearing types used in the same town during the same year. A must for identifying varieties. Includes state-by-state listings of the scarce & rare flags. (134 pages; loose-leaf.) #730213. $70.00.
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Standard Encyclopedia of Doremus Machine Cancels. (Frederick Langford/1988): The definitive catalog on the Doremus cancel types, with illustrations and identifying features. Lists all towns that used these types, with periods of usage and relative values. (60 pages; hardbound.) #990304. $29.00.
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Standard Flag Cancel Encyclopedia / FOURTH Edition. (Frederick Langford/2008): More than 30 years in the making, this much anticipated publication was well worth the wait. Building on his original definitive reference book on U.S. flag cancels, Mr. Langford has produced this much expanded (43 more pages!) and revised work containing newly discovered types, previously unknown "different die" varieties, and much more information than was known when the 1976 edition was published.

As did previous editions, this updated version of the Flag Cancel Encyclopedia includes illustrations and identifying features of the various U.S. flag cancel types, including American machines, Barr-Fyke machines, Columbia machines, handstamps, etc. It contains state-by-state lists of all towns that used American machine types, with their periods of usage. Specialty types such as slogans, involutes, ovates, etc., are grouped into individual lists as well. Relative values of all types are indicated via a point system or, in many cases, dollar values are assigned.

In addition to the U.S. listings, much more information is included about various flag types from Canada, Germany, Australia, Mexico, France and other countries. Many entries have also been added to the lists of known U.S. handstamp flags, particularly the Rural Free Delivery types. (160 pages; hardbound.) #781202. $39.00.
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Standard Flag Cancel Encyclopedia / THIRD Edition. (Frederick Langford/1976): The definitive catalog on the various flag cancel types, including American machines, Barr-Fyke machines, slogan types, handstamps, etc. Includes illustrations and identifying features. Lists all towns that used these types, with periods of usage and relative values. (117 pages; hardbound.) #990303. $29.00.
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Thomas Leavitt: His History and Postal Markings, 1875-1892. (Robert J. Payne/2000): This definitive work on Leavitt Postal Markings covers the postal history of this fascinating subject from the earliest machine development to its final use.

The Leavitt hand-powered canceling machines are recognized as the first of the continuous-use canceling machines in the United States. They were used in 29 different cities, and saw major use in the Boston and New York City post offices. The earliest and latest reported dates of use are cited for each recognized marking, and many of these early and late uses are among more than 380 covers and postal cards which are illustrated. Each city known to have used a Leavitt machine is represented in the illustrations.

The author gives careful attention to the study of the rectilinear postmarks, the circular dials, the different types of the barred oval cancelers, and the various oblique and horizontal bar types.

All significant types of markings have been given scarcity ratings, with a table of dollar range equivalents accompanying the rating system. In addition, there is a special section that illustrates cancellation variants, showing an added value for each.

Robert Payne is recognized as one of the leading contributors to postal history research and reference literature, particularly in the area of machine cancels. Thirty-eight individuals contributed their knowledge to this work, and several collectors graciously offered images of material from their collections to be included among the illustrations. Collectors and dealers alike will find this book to be a welcome addition to any reference library. (342 pages; hardbound.) #700801. $45.00.
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The Time Marking Machine Company and the B.F. Cummins Company. (Louis Geschwinder, Reg Morris & John Koontz): Compilation of a series of articles which originally appeared in the Machine Cancel Forum, plus three updates; two from the Machine Cancel Forum, one by Richard Small. (197 pages; Acco bound.) #730110. $25.00.
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U.S. Classic Machine Cancels 1871-1991. (Payne): This book contains Bob Payne's outstanding 24-frame exhibit (shown at Colopex in 1995) on the identification and usage of U.S. Machine Cancels from their beginning in 1871 to 1991. The information in the frames was never intended to be the basis for a book, but viewers of the exhibit begged Bob to publish its contents, and he happily obliged.  Few exhibits have had the impact on the postal history hobby that this one has. (394 pages in two volumes; unbound.) #820802. $125.00.
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Universal Machine Cancel Catalog to 1920 / Revision #2. (Billings): Comprehensive reference with machine & cancel types; alphabetical & numerical lists of slogan cancels. List by state, with town, type, known usage dates, notes, and a value rating. Includes text of patents and drawings of machines. (143 pages; unbound.) #820801. $90.00.
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White Sewing Machine (Cheshire): See "Geary / Milam & Holmes / White Sewing Machine (Cheshire) Machine Cancels."



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INTERNATIONAL ORDERS: Before ordering, please email us for the shipping charge.

See ORDERING INFORMATION at the top of this page by clicking here.

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